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American Journal of Irish Studies, volume 8

American Journal of Irish Studies, volume 8


(Click titles for their summaries)

Ireland, New York, and the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World

Thomas M. Truxes leads off with “Ireland, New York, and the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World,” his Ernie O’Malley Lecture on the socially ambitious and commercially aggressive young Irish entrepreneurs who dominated transatlantic business in New York in the decades leading up to the American Revolution. He introduces us to the bright young Irish men of New York City who shrewdly negotiated shipping and trading on the Atlantic, built fortunes, and married into the most elite families in the colonies. Although their influence waned after the war for independence, they were a force to be reckoned with in New York generations before the Irish came to dominate politics and the Catholic Church in the city at the end of the nineteenth century.

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Community in Print: Irish-American Publishers and Readers

In “Community in Print: Irish-American Publishers and Readers,” Eileen Sullivan examines the rarely documented influence of Catholic publishers and publications in late nineteenth-century America. Profiling leaders in the field like D. & J. Sadlier and P. J. Kenedy, she argues that they were instrumental in shaping Catholic identity and lending intellectual credibility to Catholic writers and authors, paralleling and supporting the efforts of Church leadership to establish a place for Catholics in American society.

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Beyond Chronicle: The Deceptive Realism of John McGahern's Fiction

Belinda McKeon writes eloquently on the legacy of the late John McGahern in “Beyond Chronicle: The Deceptive Realism of John McGahern’s Fiction,” remarks she prepared for a retrospective on McGahern that Glucksman Ireland House hosted in commemoration of McGahern’s passing. The award-winning author of Solace suggests that McGahern’s characters and stories are more than simply a mirror on the world he grew up in and urges readers to focus more on his words rather than searching for autobiographical themes in his work.

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New Ireland, New Church

In “New Ireland, New Church,” the 2007 inaugural Irish Institute address, Archbishop Diarmuid Martin of Dublin shares his thoughts about the consequences for Ireland if it hit an economic downtown, well before the crash of the Celtic Tiger the following year. Looking back on his perspective of the changing culture of Ireland as a consequence of the economy and religion at the time is still relevant now as Ireland continues to move forward in the midst of great upheaval.

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Irish in the Twenty-First Century

Eamon de Valera’s grandson, Éamon Ó Cuív describes his oversight of an Irish language initiative in Ireland while he was Minister of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs in “Irish in the Twenty-first Century.” He speaks in particular about the effort to encourage the recognition of Irish as a modern language not only in Ireland, but in the European Union and around the world. He notes the impact of the Fulbright Program and its support of scholars studying Irish outside of Ireland.

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Seán Ó Tuama and Irish Gaelic in the Twentieth Century

Irish language scholar and broadcaster Séamus Blake’s evaluation of the state of Irish language and literature in Ireland complements Minister Ó Cuív’s essay in “Seán Ó Tuama and Irish Gaelic in the Twentieth Century.” He reflects on the literary career and influence of Ó Tuama and what it suggests about Irish writing and Irish speaking in the country today.

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Ireland in Crisis, Then and Now: An Oral History Documentation Strategy Associational Behavior in Context:

“Ireland in Crisis, Then and Now: An Oral History Documentation Strategy,” a panel chaired by Ronald H. Bayor of the Georgia Institute of Technology at the 2010 national meeting of the Oral History Association, featured Glucksman Ireland House faculty members, Miriam Nyhan, Linda Dowling Almeida and Marion R. Casey. Drawing on their own scholarship and the resources of the Archives of Irish America at New York University, they analyzed the various elements of Irish immigration and diaspora among different generations of Irish.

Irish Immigrant Origins of Identity in the Diaspora

In “Associational Behavior in Context: Irish Immigrant Origins of Identity in the Diaspora,” Miriam Nyhan considers how County Society behavior in the United States says as much about the community instincts learned in Ireland as it does about the immigrant response to life in America.

What's New is Old Again

Linda Dowling Almeida suggests that the recollections of Irish immigrants from the 1980s can be used by scholars seeking to understand the current dynamic of migration in the wake of the Celtic Tiger collapse. In “What’s New is Old Again: Revisiting the New Irish in America,” she argues that oral histories from the earlier period offer a base line of comparison that can provide some historical context for the contemporary phenomenon.

Close Encounters of the Irish Kind

Marion R. Casey uses film and oral history to demonstrate how travel to and from Ireland and the meaning it has to immigrants, return migrants and ethnic Americans embarking on “roots” visits to Ireland evolves as Ireland matures as a nation and the immigrant population shrinks in the United States in “Close Encounters of the Irish Kind.”

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In Memoriam: Garret FitzGerald

Joe Lee remembers former Prime Minister of Ireland, Garret FitzGerald in an obituary that recalls FitzGerald’s many visits to Glucksman Ireland House, his generosity as a scholar and teacher, his intellect as a politician and his unique outlook on the world.

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Linda Dowling Almeida

Linda Dowling Almeida is a member of the faculty at Glucksman Ireland House. She teaches American history, literature, and oral history. She currently edits the American Journal of Irish Studies as well as the reviews section of the New York Irish History Roundtable Journal and the Roundtable's newsletter. Among her publications are Irish Immigrants to New York City: 1945–1995 (2001); "Irish America 1945–2000" in Making the Irish American (2006) ; "A Great Time to Be in America: The Irish in Post–Second World War New York City," in The Lost Decade: Ireland in the 1950s (2004); and "'And They Still Haven't Found What They're Looking For': A Survey of the New Irish in New York City," in Patterns of Migration (1992).

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Séamus Blake

Doctor Séamus/James Blake is currently teaching the "Irish Language Literature in Translation" course at Glucksman Ireland House at New York University. He is a member of the Editorial Board of the quarterly New Hibernia Review and the annual Journal of Celtic Language Learning. For thirty-four years, Séamus has broadcast the Irish Language on the radio station of Fordham University, and 90.7 FM on the radio dial. His program, "Míle Fáilte," has been a popular weekly one-hour program for the past twenty years.

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Marion R. Casey

Marion R. Casey teaches Irish American history at New York University, where she is a Clinical Assistant Professor at Glucksman Ireland House. She also serves as the Senior Archivist for the Archives of Irish America, Bobst Library, New York University. In addition to journal articles, her publications include essays in Making the Irish American: History and Heritage of the Irish in the United States (2006, a volume she co-edited with J.J. Lee), Race and Ethnicity in America: A Concise History (2003), and The New York Irish The (1996), as well as the major entries on the Irish in The Encyclopedia of New York City (1995, rev. for 2nd edition, 2009) and The Encyclopedia of New York State (2005).

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J. Joseph (Joe) Lee

Joe Lee is the Chair of Irish Studies, Director of Glucksman Ireland House, NYU, and Professor of History and Irish Studies. His books, The Modernization of Irish Society, 1848–1918 (1973) and the prize-winning Ireland, 1912–1985: Politics and Society (1989), now in its eleventh printing, continue to generate lively debate. Professor Lee's op-ed columns for the Sunday Tribune have been collected and published as The Shifting Balance of Power: Exploring the 20th Century (2000), and he edited, with Marion R. Casey, Making the Irish American: The History and Heritage of the Irish in the United States (2006). Lee served 16 years as Chair of the Fulbright Commission for Ireland, 1980–1996, and four years as an elected Independent member of the Irish Senate, and of the British-Irish Parliamentary Committee, from 1993–1997. Awarded an Honorary D.Litt. by the National University of Ireland in 2006, Professor Lee's current research focuses on nineteenth-century Irish nationalist Michael Davitt, on nationalism, and on Irish and Irish-American historiography in a transnational context.

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Archbishop Diarmuid Martin

Diarmuid Martin was ordained priest in 1969 and has been Archbishop of Dublin and Primate of Ireland since 2004. He is Vice President of the Irish Bishops' Conference and Chairman of the Bishops' Conference Department of Social Issues and International Affairs, as well as the Bishops' Commission on Europe. Among his many responsibilities, he is a member of the Commission on Ecumenism, a member of the Bishops' Strategic Task Group for Education, and trustee of Trócaire, the overseas aid agency of the Bishops' Conference. Archbishop Martin also serves as comoderator of the Joint Working Group for Relations between the Roman Catholic Church and the World Council of Churches in Dublin. It was with his encouragement that the Roman Catholic Church became a full member of the Dublin Council of Churches, a gathering of Christian churches in the capital first established in 1964.

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Miriam Nyhan

Miriam Nyhan, a native of County Wicklow, received her B.A. and M.Phil. degrees from University College Cork (N.U.I) and her Ph.D. from the European University Institute, Florence. She has been teaching Irish history at New York University since 2009. With a special interest in twentieth century migration from Ireland, oral history, and comparative approaches, Professor Nyhan has focused her research on the 1950s Irish immigrants who settled in New York and London. Her book, 'Are You Still Below?' The Ford Marina Plant, Cork, 1917-1984 (The Collins Press, Cork, 2007), provides an illuminating social history of Ireland's only Ford factory and demonstrates how oral histories can be used to complement written sources.

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Belinda McKeon

Belinda McKeon's debut novel, Solace, was published by Scribner in 2011. She writes on the arts for The Irish Times, The Guardian, The Paris Review and elsewhere. As a playwright, she has had work produced in Ireland and the United States, and is currently under commission to the Abbey Theatre, Dublin.

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Éamon Ó Cuív

Éamon Ó Cuív is an Irish Fianna Fáil politician. He has been a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Galway West constituency since 1992 and was previously a member of Seanad Éireann (Upper House of the Irish Parliament). Ó Cuív is the grandson of Fianna Fáil founder, first Taoiseach (Prime Minister) and third President of Ireland, Éamon de Valera. He is currently the Fianna Fáil spokesperson on Communications, Energy and Natural Resources. On August 8, 2011, Party Leader Micheál Martin named Ó Cuív as Deputy Leader of Fianna Fáil. At the time he wrote the article for this issue he was Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. In March 2010 he was appointed Minister of Social Protection and between January 2011 and the dissolution of the government in March 2012 he also served as Minister of Defense and Minister of Environment, Heritage, and Local Government.

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Eileen Sullivan

Eileen Sullivan teaches political theory at Rutgers University, Newark campus. She has a Ph.D. in political science from Columbia University and has published in political science and political theory journals. Her book, Making the Catholic American, will be published by the University of Notre Dame Press.

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Thomas M. Truxes

Thomas M. Truxes is a member of the Irish Studies and History faculties at New York University. His books include Irish-American Trade, 1660–1783 (1988); Letterbook of Greg & Cunningham, 1756–57: Merchants of New York and Belfast (2001); and Defying Empire: Trading with the Enemy in Colonial New York, named a finalist for the 2009 Francis Parkman Prize of the Society of American Historians. He is presently at work on a comprehensive history of the overseas trade of British America.

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Copies of American Journal of Irish Studies, volume 8, are available from Glucksman Ireland House NYU.
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ISSN 2165-3224


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